Mystery Succulent

by Jean

green leaves - bumps on edges - no flowers

Hi Jean, this is one plant that seems to absolutely fascinate everyone who sees it, and I get asked about it the most out of all the incredibly variety of succulents out there. It is known as the Maternity Plant, or Mother of Thousands (or even Mother of Millions, depending on how sick of weeding the babies out of everything you are).

Please, if you're in a warm climate, do everything you can to keep this character under control; in some areas it's already got Noxious Weed status, and is very invasive. You can see more about this plant here: Kalanchoe daigremontiana and another similar one with the same kind of characteristic called Kalanchoe delagoensis, the Chandelier or Mexican Hat plant here.

Happy Succulent Growing!

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Feb 22, 2021
Note to Chantel
by: Jacki Cammidge, Certified Horticulturist

I would prefer to see a picture or several before I advise in this case. Please post them on the Ask the Horticulturist page.

It sounds as though it is sunburned, which only takes a few minutes. All plants, even those which prefer full sun, need to be acclimatized to the new light levels, especially if they were previously grown in dim conditions.

Feb 22, 2021
Whiteness on Leaves
by: Chantel

Good Day. I bought the Mother of Millions plant on Saturday 20/02. I live in Africa, Namibia. Did put the plant in direct sunlight and now today it had these white parts on the leaves, which is very thin in the white area. Like paper getting wet. Do you perhaps know what could have caused this in 2 days. Thank you so much

Aug 10, 2020
Note to Joan
by: Jacki Cammidge, Certified Horticulturist

Joan, I would prefer to see a picture or several before I advise in this case. Please post them on the Ask the Horticulturist page.

Aug 09, 2020
Black spot on stem of mother of Millions
by: Joan

I live in Arizona and have a mother of millions plant that developed black area on its stem which then broke off. This is a newly planted plant and has as yet not developed any babies. Can you tell me whether I can place the leaves with the stem that broke off in water after cutting off the black area of the stem to grow new roots to replant. I had it in a 6" pot that was given to me with the plant in it. I had it outside on the South East corner of my porch where it got moderate sen I was watering it probly too much because I was watering it about every 3 days. Because the top soil was dry I also had a plate underneath it that would catch the water so it could be reabsorbed back into the plant. What do you suggest

May 21, 2019
Mother of millions I love
by: Lea

I love that the mother of millions put off a gorgeous flower pod at the top of the plant. If you keep it in a container/pot, you won’t have so many plants. I approve and if I don’t want so many, I’ll dig them up.


Jan 04, 2019
thank goodness you told me
by: jill

i live in Spain and was about to plant 12 little seedlings at the end of the garden. i am so happy that I read your warning, the seedlings are now going into the bin, the last thing i need is to have a garden full of Mother of Millions.
Thank you

Feb 24, 2018
by: Cora

Why on earth are you people growing this invasive and very toxic plant?

Jan 21, 2018
To Billy
by: Jacki

If they're mush, it's too late, sorry! They can't take any frost.

Jan 21, 2018
Mother of millions
by: Billy

Im so sad I for got to bring in my mother of millions and it got too cold now they are swollen green mush .. ugh do I toss or will they come back

Sep 24, 2017
Ask the Horticulturist
by: Jacki

Pati, please post some pictures on the Ask the Horticulturist page, and I'll do what I can to answer your question.

Sep 24, 2017
Mother of thousands grey spots
by: Pati

My mother of thousands recently started getting grey spots. The grey spots look kinda mildewish. I don't know why this is happening. Anyone have any idea what this might be? I only water it once a week here in San Diego.

Feb 14, 2017
This is the growth habit
by: Jacki

Hi Grandthea, this is how it grows. Quite often, it looks totally silly without the leaves, but then it will surprise you with it's gorgeous flowers. There is more about it here; Flowering Succulents

Feb 14, 2017
mother of thousands with a bloom
by: grandthea

I have been trying to trace the name of the plant that I have. I have re-potted it at various time as I have so many baby plants. Anyway I it is in my potting shed in East Texas for the winter and it grew straight up with no leaves for about two feet and then these beautiful reddish flowers appeared in clusters that hang downward. I finally cut them off so I could repot the plant for spring. Has anyone else ever seen this before?

Feb 08, 2017
mother of million
by: Jill

My plant is about 3 feet tall with yellow flowers at the top. It is winter in Maryland and I brought my plant inside this fall to a south window. There are still some babies clinging to the leaves. Hundreds of babies still in the pot soil. I water it about once a week.

Mar 08, 2016
Lots of light
by: Jacki

Hi Paula, these plants need a lot of bright light to be at their best, but the light through glass can sometimes be too hot. Depending on where you are in the world, the daylength may not be long enough either in the winter months. I suggest you get a grow light on a timer and keep it at about 10-12 hours of light every day.

Mar 08, 2016
spindly plant
by: paula

my plant is growing tall and spindly looking and very green, do I need to move it? I have it by a window where it gets indirect sunlight

Feb 10, 2016
Mother of thousands
by: Catherine

I have good sized 1.5" babies available at my Etsy shop bluelotusranch.

Dec 29, 2015
Too cold
by: Jacki

It sounds like your plant is not getting enough light or warmth and also needs more air flow. Don't feed it until the spring, when it starts to grow.

Dec 29, 2015
Mildew or not?
by: Julie

Help, my mother plant is getting mildew on the leaves and the color is now a light green, not so healthy looking. It is on a sore of cold window seat, perhaps not so happy there. Does anyone know also what to feed it?

Oct 30, 2015
by: Jacki

Do you mean the baby plants? These can be so tiny that you don't see them at first, or alternately, they could be growing from seed. All it takes is for one of them to have been somewhere near a flowering plant at some point. This is why they are known as a noxious weed in some places.

Oct 30, 2015
No pups yet!
by: Miranda

How long doe a pup take to mature and grow pups. I have some that are 6 months old and no pups yet! And in am seeing pups show up in distant containers. If no pups how is this happening?

Jan 09, 2015
Versatile plant
by: Monika Spolia

This plant is very versatile. Depending on the amount of sun it gets, it grows accordingly. If put it a place where it receives only daylight and no direct sun at all, it will grow soft with less leaflings on the tips of the leaves and it will grow flowers as well, not a lot though. Put in different places with different temperature and light conditions, it takes a different shape.

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Given "starts" by a friend -

by Lora Christian
(Kansas City, MO)

the main plant has "stems" that start in a horizontal direction and then make an abrupt turn vertical so they appear L shaped = the leaves are green not very large, have spiny toothed margins ( do not hurt like cactus spines ) - the older leaves become spotted.

They reproduce by producing smaller plants on the tips of the leaves and when ready, they drop to the ground ( complete with a root) to become a new plant. This is how I have my own start.

The pictures are not the greatest

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Mar 13, 2018
maternity plant
by: sandra

i have some for sale on ebay periodically. nygiantsfan32175 is my ebay store.

Oct 18, 2016

I was given a Mother-of-Thousands for Christmas a couple of years ago. I planted it in a pot near an empty contained area and now I have a big area of Mother-of-Thousands and still some in pots.

I live in Yuma Az which tends to get very hot in the summer (115+) and the plants thrive in the heat and full afternoon sun on the Northwest side of the house.

I have never tried one in the house so that will be my next project. But I have had great success outside. This plant was perfect for the contained area and is a conversation piece for visitors.

Jul 31, 2015
Where are you?
by: Jacki

Vicki, you don't say where you are, so it's impossible to give you advice. These plants are not frost hardy so they won't survive in cold winter areas. In places like Florida and other warm winter areas they are a noxious weed. Be careful what you ask for!

Jul 31, 2015
mystery plant
by: Vicki

I have had this plant for a year and never knew the name of it. I have more "babies" then I know what to do with. I planted the "mama" plant in the ground but it didn't do well. Back in a pot and millions f babies I keep re-potting. Where is a good spot in the ground???

Aug 03, 2011
Looking for one
by: Louise

I used to have a plant like this. I'd like to find another, but haven't seen it and don't know what it's called. Can anybody help?

Drought Smart Plants reply:

Louise, are you sure? This can be an invasive pest in the right circumstances. The botanical name is Kalanchoe daigremontiana, or the Mother of Thousands.


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They have pre-historic looking leaves with little baby plants lining the edges of their leaves.

by Michael
(San Pedro, CA, U.S.A.)

They will grow one large stalk and lose most of their leaves leaving on the top a circular red flower with lots of little red bells hanging all around. The little babies fall off the leaves very easily when bumped and wherever they land, be it, in the crack of a sidewalk or in the garden they grow a new plant, and they are very hearty and difficult to get rid of.

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Aug 02, 2014
Dry Succulents
by: Dave

I have these of all sizes and in my case it is definitely a "million plant". The tiny sprouts are so close they formed a sort of crust. And they grow frighteningly fast. In Fla. at least. I've been fascinated by them and just found out how out of control they are. I know I pulled many out and threw them in a pile and the all started growing again immediately. Scary. Interesting, the reference to pre-historic leaves, I had always called them dinosaur plants. Cool.
The plant really changes appearance according to how hydrated they are. I watered mine, gorgeous! Then they took over the whole garden.

Jun 22, 2011
Mother of Thousands
by: Big Mike

Yes, this is the plant. Thank you.

Jun 20, 2011
Here you go!
by: Jacki

Hi Christine, here is a link to more information about Mother of Thousands.

Jun 20, 2011
any luck?
by: Christine

I think I have the same plant - the base on mine has markings on the leaves - not stripes exactly, but uneven spots. I'd describe it as a tiny Dr. Seuss plant. Any luck finding out what it is?

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Small leaf succulent

by Sherie
(Western Australia)

Please help me to find a name for this plant. It is small (about 5cm) and has a toothy edge to the slim succulent leaves.

Hi Sherie, I'm not surprised that you want to know the name of this prehistoric looking plant - they are very good at survival, because each of those little teeth will produce a baby plant, ready to drop to the ground running and take over the world.

Please be careful not to let this one escape from captivity - in some areas it's become a pest and has a noxious weed classification in Florida and other warm climate areas.

You can see more here: Kalanchoe daigremontiana, also known as Maternity Plant, Mother of Thousands, or Mother of Millions.


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Oct 18, 2012
Thank you
by: sherie

thank you so much for letting me know what my little plant is. I have been searching for some time to find the name of this one. I love succulents and have quite a collection now.
What a great site. Thanks again


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Pod-like flowers on the tips of a jagged leaf

by Carol Ramirez
(Irvine, California)

Pod-like flowers on the tips of a jagged leaf at the end of a very long, stem.

The stems are approximately two feet high and curve out towards the sun.

It popped out of a potted basket of succulents that I purchased from Home Depo. I must say it is the most delicate, detailed flower I have ever seen on a succulent.

I had to use my 180mm macro lens to actually see the flowers and discovered they are tiny pods sitting on top of yet another round ball attached to the stem.

Hi Carol, you've discovered one of the most often asked about plants; those 'pods' are actually tiny new plants, and that's how you ended up with it; they drop off into any adjacent soil, even growing in cracks in the sidewalks, and in some places are classed as a noxious weed. Be careful how attached you get to it, you may end up hating it's bad habits.

By the way, the flower, when they emerge, is even more spectacular than the buds of little plants.

See more about Kalanchoe daigremontiana here.

Best of luck!

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Mar 08, 2018
Poison plant Mother of Millions
by: Linda Rabago

We did not know it was poison. It killed 2 of our baby sheep.
Now I have read about it. So sad
At our house. I hear it is good for cancer.
Other medicinal projects.
Has anyone else heard this?

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What Is This Unusual Beauty?

Recently moved to FL and was weeding much overgrowth. Came across a little 1" that did not look like a weed. Stuck it in a pot and the pix are the result. Have asked several "green thumbs" and they are as puzzled as I am.

The little "rosettes" drop off the leaves onto ground so I have just swept them up into a dust pan and tossed them into a large potted plant nearby. To my amazement they are growing plants too!

As you can see this plant sits inside our pool enclosure where we have a couple of cats and a dog so hopefully it is not poisonous.

Thanks for all your help

Ms. CiCi, actually this plant is poisonous, so please keep your cats away from it and it's many progeny. You can see lots about Kalanchoe daigremontiana here. It's classed as a noxious weed in some areas.

Hope this helps!

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Mar 01, 2018
Poisonous Mother of Millons
by: Carol

As the name suggests, mother of millions reproduces rapidly, producing hundreds of tiny plantlets which quickly form new colonies.

It is adapted to dry conditions and can survive long periods of drought. This increases the plant's potential to persist and spread.

Mother of millions is toxic when ingested by livestock; it is also poisonous to humans and household pets.

Oct 31, 2014
how it might treat cancer
by: Markus

Chemo is toxic, it kills fast growing cells such a cancer cells.

Oct 12, 2014
Toxic, yet beneficial
by: Jacki

Even the lowly foxglove is toxic in large doses, but it's the drug Digitalis, used for heart problems and obtained from the plant that is useful. The dosage is everything - too much can be fatal, not enough doesn't do anything, but the right dose is extremely beneficial.

Oct 12, 2014
by: Sue Ellen

I'm reading everywhere that this very invasive and curious looking plant is highly toxic to small children and pets, so BE CAREFUl! But my friend who showed me a picture of this kalanchoe says they are finding it has some serious medicinal properties, possibly even a cancer cure! But now I'm confused on how it can be used if it's so toxic? Anyone know?

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I've been told this is Kalanchoe....but which species???

by Ruth
(New Holland, PA, USA)

A few months ago I acquired over 100 of these very tiny plants. I was told they are Kalanchoe, possibly Kalanchoe fedtschenkoi, recently I was told they were Kalanchoe daigremontiana.

They are now 1-2 inches tall and some of them are getting offspring on there leaves. Are they large enough to get their true identity now or do I need to wait until I get more growth?

Hi Ruth, I'm thinking that if these are showing the buds of new babies then they are most likely Kalanchoe daigremontiana. There are several different forms of this plant and it's quite variable, but they all show that characteristic. As far as I can see, Kalanchoe fedstschenkoi does not show this particular trait.

Find out more on my page about this plant: Mother of Thousands.

Hope this helps pin it down,

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Grandmother's Plant - unknown

by sonya waites
(shreveport, la)

I don't have pictures, but would like a name and locate this plant. I may have some facts wrong since I haven't seen it in 20 years.

It is a succulent, gray to green gray in shades. There are darker purple green strips in the center of the leaf running from the core of the plant to almost the tip of the leaf. The leaves are larger near the base and pointed at the end. (teardrop) The leaves are scalloped.

Buds(babies) form in the indention of the scallops. These drop off and root easily.

The plant has two apposing leaves, then the next layer puts on two more leaves. These alternate back and forth so that when you look down from the top it forms an X. I have seen a single plant in a planter be 1' to 1 1/2' foot across and a 1' tall. A planter box 2" x 15" was filled with these in Houston.

They grew outside on a north facing wall year round. No one I know or my grandmother knew has one of these plants.

My grandfather is 92 and doesn't remember where she originally got this plant. She picked up things everywhere. I would greatly appreciate your help identifying this if you could, even giving me a clue.

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Sep 22, 2011
by: ohthekid2009

I have one; many now! I planted it in a shallow container with various other succulents & left it outside all summer. It became monstrous. I've nick-named it the "monster plant"! I love it & will cherish it always.

May 01, 2011
possibly the plant i have...
by: Sandy

Hi Sonya! I'm not sure, but what you described sounds exactly like the plant I have. I also have no idea what its called, but if you email me, I'd be happy to send you some pictures so you can verify if its the one you're looking for. If it is, I could try sending you some of the buds (you can just pay for shipping). My email is rocknrollmessiah(at) You can also find me on Facebook with my email address to ensure I'm real:)

Drought Smart Plants edited out the live email link to prevent you getting spammed - simply replace the (at) with the correct symbol)

Feb 22, 2011
Not Kalanchoe?
by: Jacki

Hi Sonya, as far as I know, there are no other plants with this distinctive characteristic of forming the baby plants on the edges of the leaves. However, there are several similar species in the genus, so it's possible that you have a different one that isn't shown here. Good luck identifying it for certain!

Feb 22, 2011
Grandmother's Plant
by: Sonya

Although these plants do have some of the same characteristics, my grandmother's plant did not get over 1' to 1 1/2' tall. It was't spindly. It reminded me of an agave, but not prickly. The texture of the leaf wasn't fibrous, more like a chick/hen.

Feb 04, 2011
Grandmother of Thousands
by: Jacki

Hi Sonya, your Grandmothers plant sounds suspiciously like some of the ones on this page
spotted leaf succulent with baby plants which are some of the most common types that you can find. Decide if you really want one of these - apart from sentimental value of course - as they are prolific and invasive if they get away on you.

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A Succulent

by Volle
(CDOC, Philippines)

Young ones

Young ones

It's growing out plantlets, dark green leaves, redish stem when under shade, and pale when under the sun.

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Aug 28, 2015
by: michelle klimas

I am just happy I finally have someone to show my pictures of some of my succulents and now I will be able to know all the real names YIPPIE :) Thanks so very much..

I am SHOCKED at what I am hearing and seeing with the mother of thousands and million which I have both and OMG the mother of millions was no bigger then my pointer finger when I bought it in july and now its a 5times its size with a bunch of babies I plicked them myself to make another plant however I wasn't informed about all this. WOW kinda scary.

I just want to thank you for having a great site to help others as myself. I had a huge amount of plants my mom passed at 40 and me and my sister was giving her plants however I had to move and they was all stolen out of the yard, I live in Baltimore Maryland inner city :( sadly but hopfully not much longer..

I am starting to get some back buy buying cuttings which is the cheapest way but to me very hard to do when no roots are there.

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a succulent plant that looks like an aloe and has little new buds on the tips

by Lee Pennington
(Orlando, Fl,US)

Aloe looking succulent

Aloe looking succulent

It's a succulent plant that looks like an aloe and has new buds on the tips

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Clippings from a plant in Tucson

by Jennifer



My best friend is living in Tucson, Arizona, and sent me some clippings from a "really cool plant" there that can apparently grow a whole new plant and survive in Utah, where I am.

I took it to a local nursery and they said they thought it was succulent.

The leaves are about four inches long and two inches wide, with smooth small ridges on the outside. They have spores, and I believe the couple of sprouts I have fell off of the leaves are from the spores.

I really would like to keep this thing alive, but I need to know what it is first. I have it in cactus, palm, and citrus soil for now.

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Nov 30, 2010
I had one of these
by: Anonymous

In Jamaica it is called the Leaf of Life. I got a leaf from a friend of mine a few years back. I put it on my window sill (with lots of sun in Miami) and forgot all about it for about a month or so.

One day I went and looked behind my bed for whatever reason and on the window sill I saw the leaf almost dried out but little plants growing from it!!!! Coolest thing ever!!!

I then placed the plantling in a small pot ON TOP OF THE DIRT. I watered it every few days when I saw it really dry. the plant grew to about 7 inches tall/long before I gave it to another friend because I was moving out of state.

I tried to keep a couple of the leaves to take with me but they didn't fare as well.

Before I gave it away I would water it about every other day and kept it by a window where it got lots of evening sun. I loved that lil plant!

Nov 14, 2010
The Travelling Plant
by: Jacki

Aren't succulent plants great? They fit in a small package or box, fly or travel by bus and arrive in great shape, ready to be planted.

I don't know what your plant is, hopefully another visitor will recognize it. Do you know if it's native? If it is, try looking on extension websites as it may be listed there.

Warning: please check into this in case it's a noxious weed - you don't want to be the one to introduce one to your area.

Check on this page about similar plants to see if they look like yours.

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3+ ft tall with very large pointed leaves with scalloped edges mostly single stemmed

by Ali Ries
(Leslie, AR)

I have a beautiful and extremely tall succulent. It was given to me by my neighbor.

When I received it 2yrs ago it was only 6"tall. It has grown like crazy in the last 6mo.

This plant shoots straight up and I have had to stake it and also tie it to the ceiling. Its going on 4' tall. It is going about 2 or more inches a wk.

If you need more pictures or have some question feel free to ask.

P.S. This plant has a shoot coming off from between the leaf and stem, can I make a cutting with this? If I allow it to stay, I am afraid it will offset its weight, since its sooo very tall?

Also can you train succulants of this type like you can bamboo to have curves and such?

Drought Smart Plants reply:
I'm not sure exactly what this is, it looks like Kalanchoe daigremontiana which is the Maternity Plant or Mother of Thousands.

You can prevent it from growing so much by cutting it back.

This makes it bush out more, which will help with the gangly long growth.

Each time you cut off the top of a stem, several new shoots will emerge from each leaf axil.

You can indeed take cuttings off these, which will also have the same effect.

Eventually, your plant will be many stemmed and much more compact.

I might also be inclined to keep it in a bit brighter light than what you currently have it it, as it looks to be a little bit starved of light.

That will also help keep it more compact.

As for training it to be curved like the lucky bamboo, why not? It may be the next big thing. You can only try it.

Happy Succulent Growing!

See this page for more on pruning succulent plants.

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Dec 29, 2012
I lied....
by: Anonymous

Mine does have waxy leaves....just kind of a white sheen over them that made it look "hairy" I posted pics of the blooms today.

Dec 29, 2012
Mine has flowers
by: Anonymous

This is exactly what ours looks like...except that off the top of it is a large shoot with a clump of "flowers" that are reddish pink and bulbous with yellow "trumpets" hanging from the unique, I don't hardly know how to describe it. We live in Mexico (Sonoran Desert) and I've seen these plants at other people's houses, but not the bloom. The plant is kind of ugly - leaves are not waxy like Calancho, but are a bit furry. The bloom altogether is about 10-12" around. Spectacular! Wish I had a name for it as well. Ours is outdoors - temps here range from about 50* to over 100* in the summer.

Sep 25, 2012
by: Todd

Looks like Kalanchoe that hasn't had enough light.

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Tall with jagged leaves

by Erin

I thought it was a type of aloe but I'm not sure. It was growing in the cracks of my sisters porch in New Orleans. She thought it was a weed and pulled it out several times. It kept growing back and I told her I thought it was a type of succulent.

Hi Erin, you're wrong about it being an Aloe, but your sister is right that it's a weed! This is Kalanchoe daigremontiana, the Mother of Thousands; you'll find out why it's called that when each point of the leaves produces a tiny plant, which will spread everywhere, and try and take over the world.

This plant is categorized as a noxious weed in warmer climates, like yours, and is also poisonous. Please use caution where you plant it, and make sure small animals and children don't eat any of the parts.

Hope that helps,

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Feb 14, 2017
Mother of a thousand
by: Dede

My plants are nearly 5 feet tall - I have three of them growing like crazy and then they're starting to have flowers at the top

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not sure what it's called..

by Sandy C.
(San Jose, California)

Hi, my name is Sandy and I've been trying to get my plant identified.

The leaves have brownish spots on the undersides as well as dark red scalloped edges. It sprouts two leaves at a time and it sprouts buds along the edge of its leaves as it grows.

Each bud grows roots that plant themselves when they finally fall, continuing the cycle started by the original plant. As of now, it's about 6 inches tall. If you could identify it, I would greatly appreciate it. Thanks in advance!

Drought Smart Plants reply:

Hi Sandy, you have a lovely healthy specimen of one of the types of plants similar to these spotted leaves with tiny baby plants.


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May 03, 2011
Nancee Pope
by: Anonymous

Hey Sandy. my name is. Nancee Pope,I no the name of your plant its called mother of thousands,mexican hat plant.I have looking for one for years I thank you for your page.

May 02, 2011
by: Sandy

Hi again Jacki!
Thank you so much, I really appreciate it!! Trying to find the name of my plant has been driving me crazy! Lol...But really, thank you:)

May 02, 2011
Kalanchoe daigremontiana
by: Jacki

Hi Sandy, sorry about the link!

See what Daves Garden has to say about the Mother of Thousands, or Mexican Hat Plant. Very cute names for a plant that wants to overpopulate the world...warning; do not let this plant escape from confinement!

May 02, 2011
name of my plant
by: Sandy

Hi Jacki,
Thank you for getting back to me so soon, but the link you posted doesn't work. Could you tell me the name of my plant? Thanks again!

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Unknown Succulent

by jeff

This is a green succulent plant, with thick, wide leaves and no needles or jagged edges. The tip of one of the lower leaves is producing a miniature plant and I can see the tiny roots. the tip of the leaf is NOT touching the soil.

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Sep 29, 2011
Finally I found it
by: Lori

I have a plant I have had for 9 months now and had searched the web for 3 weeks trying to find the name of this plant and tonight I finally found it.I now know that I have a Maternity Plant and that I should not have been watering everyday as it made it grow very fast.The lady I recieved mine from called it the monster plant because it grew so fast and with all the babies it has thank God we don't produce babies that vast.Thanks for the help.

Jul 22, 2011
Kalanchoe tubiflora
by: Daniel Graham

All of the pictures on this page are Kalanchoes. Most of them are Kalanchoe tubiflora. Google for many examples.

Drought Smart Plants reply:

Hi Daniel, the way this system is set up, the comments with the answers to visitors questions are linked to underneath each submission - as you may be able to tell, this is one plant that seems to be everywhere! Unfortunately, on occasion it escapes from captivity, and can be a noxious weed where there is sufficient warmth. I tell anyone who will listen not to let it get away from them...


Jul 07, 2010
I know, I know!
by: Jacki

Hi Jeff, this one I can tell without a picture as there are very few 'vivaparous' plants, that is, a plant that produces a live baby one.

This is most likely Kalanchoe, either daigremontiana,also called the Maternity Plant or pinnata, also known as the Air Plant as you can pin a leaf onto a curtain and it will produce many plantlets until it dries up.

For care, minimal watering (don't over water as it will just encourage it - these plants can be quite assertive and take over your house!) and bright light. They can be put outside for the summer in a shaded area, but can't take frost, so winter indoors.

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Purplish/green plant with thin stem with veiny lines underneath the leaf.

by Laurie Salama
(Annandale VA)

1st picture

1st picture


I think this is a succulent. I've had it for about 2 years. It was a couple inches high and is now about 4 inches. It has cactus shaped leaves with veins on the underside. But it drops it's leaves and I am not sure why. Can I pinch the leaves back?

Do you know what it is?



Drought Smart Plants reply: Hi Laurie, you've got one of the most common beginner succulents going.

These are known as Maternity Plant, or Mother of Thousands, or by their botanical name of Kalanchoe daigremontiana.

The small plantlets can cause a lot of grief to gardeners in warm climates, when they proliferate and choke out everything in their path.

In colder climates, luckily, these plants are not frost hardy, and the slightest freeze will eliminate them.

See more about them here: Kalanchoe daigremontiana. Find out about pruning these kinds of succulents here: Pruning succulent plants.


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Found it growing like a weed

by Tyler
(Miami, FL, USA)

Plant Pic 1

Plant Pic 1

Each long point leaf has small buds running up the sides. The bud is just 2 leaves when it opens... See pictures.

Picture taken in Miami, FL, USA.

Drought Smart Plants reply:

Hi Tyler, the reason it was growing like a weed, is because it is one. This is Kalanchoe daigremontiana, or Mexican Hat Plant which in some areas is an invasive weed, and very hard to eradicate. If it's only grown as a houseplant it's easier to confine, but as you've found it will escape and proliferate. In areas that don't get frost, or rarely, this is a real issue.

Please see the posts on this page for more: Spotted Leaves with Tiny Baby Plants.

Happy Weeding!

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Jul 19, 2011
Mexican Hats
by: Stacew

This is a cool plant, it's called in some areas, Mexican Hat - and yes, it drops those little plantlets all over and they grow like a weed. I have one single plant in my south window that is 6 feet tall, yes, six feet tall. And some others that are about 3 feet tall. Give 'em some room in a pot and they will go bananas!

Jul 18, 2011
Thanks Jacki!
by: Tyler

I have a friend who has converted her yard into native plants... When I asked her what this was I was surprised to find that she did not know. I know it's a weed now but it's kinda cool how fast it spreads ;-)


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Tiny clover-like leaves around the edges of the leaves

by Susan
(Washington, DC)

This is a succulent unknown to me.

It's not thriving, so I'm trying to find information on care and feeding.

The plant is just a baby. (It looks large in the photo but the pot is only 3" diameter, the entire plant just 7" tall and wide.

The unusual feature is the clusters of tiny clover-like growth around the edges of several of the leaves.

Don't know if I'm overwatering (hard to think that, since I only water it once every two weeks) or underwatering.

Hi Susan, those 'clover like growths' are actually baby plants, which fall off and try to take over the world.

This is one of the most often asked about plants, known variously as Maternity Plant, Mother of Thousands (or Millions) and botanically as Kalanchoe daigremontiana - click on that link, and you'll find a whole lot of information about it.

As for not thriving, what happens is that the babies on the edge of the leaves take a lot of energy out of the plant, and that one actually looks stressed from being in a small pot, where it's most likely root bound.

You can repot these as they reach the size of looking too big for the pot; eventually, given the right conditions of bright light and ample water they'll bloom, which is pretty spectacular.

Best of luck!

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Reproductive Succulent

by June
(Raymond AB Canada)

Reproductive Succulent???

Reproductive Succulent???

The leaves on this one gets leaves growing around the edge. The 'seedlings' can be used to grow more plants. It's awesome but I do not know what it is called. Not many seedlings in this picture but I hope there is enough for you to recognize it.

Drought Smart Plants reply:

Hi June - this is one of the most interesting plants, and I get asked about it a lot. They seem to look different depending on the conditions you grow them in, but they're all related to these plants; on the bottom of the page here: Kalanchoe daigremontiana you can see other stories from visitors.

There is also another similar plant with the same characteristic of producing tiny plants on the leaves here: Kalanchoe delagoensis.

As you may have already guessed, Kalanchoe are a strange breed.

There are more of them here; Kalanchoe species although there are no others with that particular trait.

Happy Succulent Growing!

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Apr 12, 2013
Mother of Thousand/Kalanchoe
by: Merima Zeher

Wish I could send pics of my huge plants - it's nice and easy to care for and flowers are awesome...

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spear shaped leaves

by kathleen
(lagrange il)

Each point produces a little 3-leaved with visible roots plant. So on one leaf it can have 25-30 new plants. If these new plants drop into the soil, a new plant grows without any care.

I'm sorry I do not have a picture, I have been trying to locate this plant for years. I had one from my aunt and my niece over watered it to death.

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Feb 24, 2011
Another Kalanchoe
by: Jacki

Hi Kathleen, see this page for more similar plants - Kalanchoe daigremontana.

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Looks like a Mother of Thousands?

So I have this plant that has been growing for quite a while next to my paddle plant and I'm not sure what it is... It looks a lot like a Mother of Thousands, except the leaves are much wider.

It used to have the mini plants growing from each of it's points, but they seem to have disappeared or fallen off. Help please! :)

Drought Smart Plants reply: I'm not sure why you need my help! You've got it pretty much figured out.

There are many forms of Kalanchoe daigremontiana, and some of it depends on the conditions where you're growing them.

The reason the little plants have fallen off is that's what they do, in their attempt to take over the world.

You'll find them growing in your carpet, in pots of plants adjacent to them, and everywhere and anywhere they can get a root hold.

The production of the little plants is a seasonal thing, and once they get big enough, they move on to try and find the right spot to grow big and strong, just like the mother plant.

Hope this helps with your question,

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Plant produces Flowers after 10 years.

by Neeltje Burns
(Clear Lake Shores, Tx USA)

I purchased one (1) succulent leaf in a small cellophane packet at the Honolulu, HI. airport in 2001.

I lost the information from the package years ago.

It is a hardy plant that has been growing in a pot on my back patio (I live in Southwest Texas) since it was planted.

Now after all of these years it is flowering. Can you tell me what it is?

Wow, it took all that time to flower? That's amazing. It just wanted exactly the right conditions, and away it went!

I don't recognize this plant at all; it's hard to tell without seeing the leaves and the bottom part of the plant. I'll post this on some of the forums I go on, and hopefully someone will know exactly what it is - stay tuned!

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Mar 23, 2013
Here's another one!
by: Jacki

One more plant that has very similar flowers is Kalanchoe pinnata, which are often shared as a leaf.

I think it's pretty certain that this is one of the many, many Kalanchoe out there. Hope that helps with narrowing it down for you. Luckily, they're all easy to care for, and very undemanding.

Mar 22, 2013
Oh, I knew that!
by: Jacki

Hi Neeltje, I said that if I could see the bottom of the plant, I might recognize it - and sure enough, someone tells me that this plant is Mother of Thousands - the flowers are pretty distinctive once you've seen them, too.

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Tall succulent florida

by Nancy

Succulent 2-4 foot tall with a canopy of hanging red flowers. Thin leaf with babies that grow from the spikes and fall to the ground.

Hi Nancy, those are some great flowers! This is one of the plants that I get asked about lots - but so far, no-one has sent me those kind of pictures.

This is Kalanchoe daigremontiana, also known as Mother of Thousands, or even Mother of Millions, for good reason. It's also commonly called Maternity Plant for the trait of growing the baby plants on the edges of the leaves. Be warned; this is classed as a noxious weed in your area - don't let it escape domestication.

Best of luck!

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Sep 13, 2014
This is plant is fun and beautiful and PROLIFIC!
by: Lu

This a great site for info about the plant "mother of millions". The original plant was in a basket of succulents I bought at a local farmer's market. I grew so tall and "long" that I put it outside of the pool area. A couple months later I took a trip to the side of the house to find the plant with these knock out flowers on it! Spectacularly beautiful. So it got to be repotted and came into the house.

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Pink Green Soft Feathery Palm-style "leaves". No flowers

by Charlotte
(Long Beach CA, USA)

Pink Green Soft Palm-like leaves

Pink Green Soft Palm-like leaves

It was a tiny pink succulent on a Clearance Shelf at Lowe's, simply marked "Cacti/Succulent".

When I got home it indicated it needed "Morning Sun", which is impossible in my yard, so I put it in a very shady spot.

It is thriving, and I love it. It has grown nearly a foot in a few months.

I want to know what it is, so I can take care of it properly, and maybe get more. The leaves aren't quite as thick as a "Pork and Beans", but thicker than the succulent nick-named "Black Rose"... maybe like the "White Rose/Echeveria".

The leaves are soft, not prickly. It has grown into what looks like a tiny Palm Tree. It is becoming more green than pink now. There is no indication of flowers or blooms. Thank you.

Hi Charlotte, it looks as though you have fallen under the spell of Mother of Thousands, or Kalanchoe daigremontiana; in your climate, this plant could become a pest, and it's hard to keep under control. Once it starts to form the baby plants on the leaves, each one will drop to make another plant, very quickly.

Also keep in mind that all members of the Kalanchoe are poisonous, and for some reason are almost irresistible to cats.

Best of luck,

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Jan 22, 2013
Thank you
by: Charlotte

You know, I had looked at that plant as a possibility before I sent in the photo.

I haven't seen any "leaves growing on leaves" yet. But, because there are a lot of cats around, I won't seek out more and am keeping this one in a safe place. The kitties haven't sought it out at all, but I wouldn't want them to be tempted and get sick.

Is there a possibility it could be anything else?

Thanks so much for this wonderful website! -Charlotte-

Hi Charlotte, it's possible that it's some other kind of Kalanchoe, but I'm pretty sure it's this one. It does take a while to show the 'babies on leaves' thing, so maybe it's just not at that stage yet.

You're so welcome - and thank you for your kind comment!

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My Plant is not healthy

by Trina
(Lakeland, FL)

I found this plant with other succulents in a single pot at Home Depot's outdoor but covered area - Yes,my collection is growing and have become happily addicted! But this particular one seems to be unhealthy. The tag did not identify the name of the plant and I would like to revive or give it proper care. There are buds (if that's what you call it) on the tips of the 3 branches but one branch seems to be dying. I am about to transfer it to a bigger pot in order to save it. Can you help me identify this plant and if you know what's wrong with it? Thank you.

Hi Trina, it's nice to see your obsession growing nicely! This poor thing is Kalanchoe daigremontiana, the Maternity plant, and in all honesty, you might be better off not putting it with the rest of your collection, in case whatever is wrong with it is catching.

These plants are notorious thugs and I hate to see innocent gardeners finding these at box stores - especially in warmer climates. It's odd to see one that looks this sick - normally, even nuclear disaster won't kill them.

My suggestion would be to take the baby plants off the edges of the leaves and toss the rest of it. By this time next year, you'll have so many of them you won't know what to do with them all.

You'll find out more about Mother of Thousands here.

Best of luck with your collection!

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Jun 24, 2017
.Donkey Ear not mother of Millions
by: Loree

this plant is called Donkey Ears and it looks very healthy to me we have a lot of them on Ft Myers Beach ,Fl

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Makes babies!

by Libby
(Greenville, SC)

The new plants form on the leaf tips of my plant. They have two tiny leaves and root hairs that hang down. When they drop off and into the dirt below, they readily take root and grow.

I've seen this at farmers markets so it isn't that rare but no one knows the name.

I leave mine outside in summer and bring them in during the winter.

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May 01, 2013
Mother of thousands
by: Toni

I went today to Rutherford Rd and they did not have this plant. I would like to take you up on your offer and would be glad to pay you for it. My email is toniblack29 (at) Thank you

Apr 28, 2013
Thank you
by: Toni

I will have to go next Saturday and look. If by chance they don't have them, I would like to take you up on your offer. Thank you so much.

Apr 28, 2013
Happy to share
by: Anonymous

For Toni
I saw them at the farmers market on Rutherford. On Saturdays during the summer people come and sell plants inside (not Green Pond that is there all year). But I am happy to pass some on to you if they don't have any this year.

Apr 27, 2013
mother of thousands
by: Toni

I am looking for this plant I live in Taylors where can i find them?

Aug 10, 2011
Mother of Thousands?
by: Libby

I've now seen pictures on the internet where this plant is called Mother of Thousands, and even more hyperbolicly, Mother of Millions! I saw one for sale at a farmer's market last week.

Aug 10, 2011
Plant with babies!
by: Judy

Yes, I have a plant like that also...did you find out the name?

Drought Smart Plants reply:

These are all Kalanchoe of some type - some are known as Kalanchoe daigremontiana, and others are Kalanchoe pinnnata, also known by their common names of Mexican Hat, Mother of Thousands, Mother of Millions and others.

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I think its related to an agave

by Keith Windish
(Salem, OR USA)

Has leaf like structure, and the leaves produce a round, seed like feature that starts another plant when it falls off the leaf. Red tinge around the edges of the leaf. Also has white thin spines that will work their way into the soil that come from the main stalk. Stalk is thin.

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Jan 10, 2012
by: Anonymous

Thanks so much, I appreciate the help. Have a bunch of children growing in other containers, truly a mother of a thousand.

Jan 09, 2012
by: Knic

Its at Kalanchoe plant from Madagascar. Also called mother of thousands, mexican hat, devils backbone. I have one that bloomed. So cool.

Aug 08, 2011
Mother of Thousands
by: Anonymous

I think it is called a Mother of Thousands plant. I saw one at Disney world 15 years ago and just grabbed a handful of babies from the leaf, left them in my hot car during the trip and found them days after we got home. Had a wonderful supply on my yard for a few years. I want them again!

May 01, 2011
I have the same plant!!
by: Sandy

Hi, I was doing a search online to find out what the name of my plant was when I came across this site. The picture you posted looks exactly like my plant. It was given to me for my birthday nearly two years ago and even my friend that gave it to me had no idea what it was called. Anywho, I'm going to keep searching for a name and will post it here if I get lucky enough to find it:)

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Tall plant, pointed jagged leaves with seed pods along the side

This was in a pot with a pepper plant and grew into this beautiful succulent.

See this page; Kalanchoe daigremontiana

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Nov 02, 2017
Full Sun
by: Jacki

This plant will struggle in shade - they need full blazing sun!

Nov 02, 2017
Mother of thousands
by: Billy

Can you grow this in the shade?

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