Succulent Plant Propagation
Rooting your own Succulents
Succulent plants are easy to propagate; many can be rooted from a single leaf, others will root quickly from a stem cutting. Increase your collection by taking pups from Aloe, Gasteria and some other succulent plants.
Many succulent plants can be grown by seed propagation, either
from your own hybridization experiments, or bought from other growers
You can take a leaf from most Echeveria, Sedum and many other
succulent plants and use vegetative propagation methods to root it, or
'behead' your overgrown Echeveria to get more plantlets.
Succulent plant propagation is almost like magic - but it's magic
that is easy to learn. I'll bet you won't be able to stop once you get
a taste of it.
Like everything else to do with succulents, the fascination with growing more of them from simply bits that you cut off while pruning them can become more than just a hobby.
I've been lucky enough to make this into a full time career by building my very own Sedum and succulent nursery.
You might be interested in finding out more about how I took my passion for growing plants and made it into a lucrative e-business too. It's easier, and much more fun than I ever imagined.
How to Prune Succulents
Got problems? Ask me!
Cold Hardy Cacti
Propagating Succulents from Seed
Some succulent plants will produce viable seed which can be germinated
and give you many new hybrids, which are genetic variations of the
When your Echeveria or Aloe produce a long flower stalk with
little colourful bells on it, you can take a paintbrush and transfer the
pollen from one flower to another.
Only two closely related plants will successfully interbreed, so use two different Echeveria or two different Aloe. Other plants that can interbreed easily are Sedum, Sempervivum, Jovibarba species and many more.
It's only possible to transfer the pollen from flowers that occur
at the same time. This is a long term prospect as it can take months
for the seed to ripen, and then more time yet to get it to germinate.
I've had pots of Echeveria sitting for months, and then finally
one day had some tiny baby plants germinate, so patience is the name of
the game with this method of succulent plant propagation!
Vegetative Propagation of Succulents
'Beheading' Your Echeveria
Sometimes one of your Echeveria will get long and gangly, with a nice
rosette sitting up on top of a long woody stem. This calls for
Simply take the top part of the plant with the nice rosette off,
leave it to callous in dry potting soil, and it will root. Don't
discard the long stem though, you can use that for more succulent plant
In time, little plantlets will form, usually at the top of the stem, but sometimes all down it.
Wait until these have at least four to six leaves of their own.
Cut the little plants off with a razor blade, leave them on the
top of the soil as usual, and once rooted you can pot them up separately
to make more succulent plants to trade. Important tip: let the pieces dry out and callous overnight or even longer before spraying with a small amount of water.
Other types of rosette forming succulent plants benefit from this treatment too.
How to Grow Sempervivum
How to Grow
How to Grow
Propagation by Pups
Some succulent plants can be propagated from pups or offsets such as Agave, Aloe, Gasteria, Haworthia and others.
Simply locate the point of attachment of the pup, and either
cut it off with a razor blade, or gently twist to remove it. You can
pot these up right away using dry potting soil, and in most cases they will root within a few
Succulent Leaf Cuttings
To take leaf cuttings from Echeveria and similar rosette forming succulents, simply twist the leaf sideways and pull it off.
Try to get the very base of the leaf stalk, as it may root further up, but will be reluctant to form a bud and new growth.
Place your leaf or leaves on top of the soil in the parent plants pot.
Allow a couple of months to callous and root.
You'll see little pink roots forming and sometimes they go down into the
soil by themselves, other times they wave around in the air and don't
have a clue.
At this stage, I usually help them out by putting them in their
own pot, making a little depression in the center of the potting soil
and then covering the roots.
Try not to bury them too deeply, as sometimes the tiny emerging bud will have trouble getting to the light.
Caring for Your New Plants
Contrary to your intuition, which will tell you to water, they won't need it.
Only water once the roots have started to go deeper into the
soil, at which time don't tease it, give it a good drink. Then leave it
to dry out almost completely.
I can't give you a guideline of how long to leave the cutting as every house is different.
If you have dry air - air conditioning or a wood stove - water sooner.
If you have high humidity, then you may not have to water at all.
Use your judgment and above all, have fun with your succulent plant propagation.
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Tender Succulent Plants
Succulent Identification Chart