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Jacki Cammidge is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com.

As a Certified Horticulturist and the owner of my own Sedum and Succulent Nursery, I have a lot of experience in growing plants, sometimes successfully, other times not so much.

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Just because I have training, and many years of running nurseries it doesn't mean that I know everything about plants.

The field of horticulture is one that has endless opportunities to test your skills. The learning is never over...

With a lot of failures under my belt, I'm eminently qualified to attempt to steer your horticultural endeavors in the right direction.

Someone once told me, until you've killed off at least a couple of hundred plants, you'll never be a gardener.

I must be a master gardener by now; the death toll is huge and growing.

Luckily, even dead plants can still be useful; not only do they teach you how to deal with disappointment, they make good compost too.

Part of successfully growing plants is learning from your mistakes, and believe me, I've made plenty.

Yes, I am a Certified Horticulturist!

If you have burning questions like;

Why is my succulent dying?

How long will an Echeveria live?

or;

What's the best kind of fertilizer for my houseplants?

Check here to see if your question is covered below; use a descriptive phrase for your problem:

The Horticulturist is in; use the handy dandy search box to try and find a similar question that I've already answered;  I know there are a lot to scroll through!

To help me help you...

Please give me some background information, such as your planting zone (if you know it), your geographic location, and where you're growing your plant (indoors or outside).

More detail is better than not enough, to help with diagnosing a problem so I can give you the most relevant answer to your horticultural question. Pictures are essential to give me a clue about what's going on with your plants. You can include up to four!

Please don't ask me to identify your plant on this page, it's for questions about the care and growing of succulents.

You can post on the Facebook page for identification.

Do you have a question for the Horticulturist?

Ask me your horticultural question

See other Horticultural Questions Answered below

Check the questions from other visitors; yours may already be answered...

Unidentified 
Hi Jacki, thanks for helping with my previous post. I have some succs that mabe you can help me with. Living in South Africa and not sure what these cuties …

Deadly Nightshade? 
I´ve found several suspect plants apparently camouflaging themselves among my tomato plants. Since the blossoms are similar, I assume that, like tomatoes …

Queries about rosemary seedlings 
I have several queries about the 3 rosemary seedlings which I´ve had since early spring, 2 in one small pot and 2 together. They´re growing well but …

SPOOKY ! 
SOMEONE GAVE ME A SEMPERVIVUM PLANT. OUT OF THE CENTER OF THE MANY HENS AND CHICKS IN THIS POT IS A 2-FOOT GIANT STALK WITH LITTLE SPIKY FLOWERS??? GROWING …

Brown Leaves on Trees 
I live in Northeastern South Dakota, 30 miles North east of Watertown SD. Zip code is 57265. I had the county plant trees for me a year ago. We were …

What Can I do to Save This Plant? 
My lovely healthy and happy Chocolate Soldier plant is not doing very well, and I think I may have killed it with kindness. What will save it, and how …

Can Succulents Recover if Roots are Waterlogged? 
I've got a succulent plant that got watered too much when I went away (note to self; don't get a non-gardening neighbor to take care of your plants). …

Nothing grows here!  
I live in the panhandle of Texas Zone 7 . Very dry low humidity and clay soil. I can go out on the prairie and count on one hand the number of trees …

spider webs on gasteria 
Many of my succulents have been outside on my covered porch with no problems, but one Gasteria has continually been full of fine spider webs. I've …

What Tree to Plant after another died from fungus 
After my beautiful Japanese Maple died from Verbicillium Wilt I was told not to plant another Japanese maple in the spot as it would die also. And not …

How hot is too hot? 
I live just east of Phoenix. Today we are at 108 headed to around 120 on Tuesday. Night time temps in the 90's. I'm trying to grow sedums/ succulents …

geraniums 
My geraniums have huge amounts of foliage but don't want to bloom. How do I make them bloom?

Is this a Plant or a large weed? 
I am trying to find out if the attached picture is a plant or a weed.. I just moved in to my home and i am doing some grooming to my landscaping... please …

Dragon's Backbone Browning 
I saw another comment from someone about their Dragon's Backbone turning brown on 1 side of a stem, and mine is doing the same. Is it too much sun, too …

Inquiry into whether Yellow Oleander can be grown in a container  
Hi, I belong to the northern part of India, and I reside in an apartment complex. I wanted to know if it'll be suitable to grow a Yellow Oleander tree …

My ghost plant has weird colored patches 
Hello! Well a few months ago I got a Graptopetalum paraguayense wich was growing outside in a garden, since then I keep it indoors but I try to put it …

Massonia's leaves 
The leaves on a massonia plant are usually full of small green or purple swellings that help it do something. is there a use for it; it seems like an important …

climbing hydrangea 
I have an OLD climbing hydrangea that has done well climbing, spreading, and surviving. It has NEVER had the first bloom until this year. The vine is nearly …

Name of plant 
Hi, Greetings, We have a plant in our vicinity here in Calgary. And we don't know the name of this plant. Could you give us any information about …

feed rhubarb plants? 
Is it too late in the season to feed my rhubarb plants?

First time succulent mommy. Paranoid!  
Hi! It's my first time working with succulents and I found some things on my crassula that I'm a little worried about. They seem rather healthy, but I …

Propagation Turned Brown 
I recently tried propagating a succulent and I don't know if something went wrong or not. The 2/3 callouses on my leaves just turned hard and brown, …

Deflated Cactus 
My golden barrel cactus looks as if it's deflated, I tried looking into this but I got varying answers, too much water, not enough water, not engough sunlight, …

Dieffenbachia 
I have a very mature large Dieffenbachia that has brown snakelike (roots?) growing from the stem. Do you know what these are and will I harm the plant …

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What should I do with my succulent crafts in winter 
The winter care for tender succulents is a no-brainer; take them indoors. But what do I do with hardy wreaths and other crafts? They don't like going …

Is salt safe for succulents? 
I made some colored "sand" with salt and chalk shavings. I am pretty sure the chalk is ok, but is the salt ok? I just want to use the "sand" for decorating …

What fungus grows on trees and which can be produced in agar nutrients? 
Hi I am looking for advice on what fungus grows on trees and from that list which fungus can be produced and grown on agar plates . I am doing an experiment …

too much light? 
I'm in a Facebook group where someone posted 2 pix of their sempervivum royanum five weeks apart. She said she uses a grow light. The 1st pic shows a …

Beautiful Kalanchoe Flapjack dying fast 
Hi, I'm sure hoping you can help me save my lovely kalanchoe. It has developed raised black spots all over every one of its leaves and the stem has taken …

planting fountaingrass 
I live in central North Carolina. Just recently had 15 large pine trees cut down in front of my house; the stumps are still there. I would like to …

Growing Salvia farinacea indoors 
I am currently growing and germinating several flats of Salvia (Blue Mealy) in my indoor greenhouse...the study. My question is: I have 20- 2 1/2" …

How do I draw and Illistrate the three Cutting types ?  
So Basically I have to draw three drawings Semi Ripe Soft Stem Hardwood Could someone show what they should look like and what notes need to …

Question on Rooting Medium  
I have this question on my work sheet and the words just throw me State Three Characteristics of a rooting medium in cuttings

leaf cuttings of echeveria black knight 
Hi I am an unqualified gardener & been gardening for nearly 45yrs. I live in Australia at a place called the Riverland which has hot dry summers average …

Zone 8-9 Succulents 
Hi Are there any succulents that can grow outdoors in West Florida? We have hot humid summers, but winters can drop to 20 degrees. Also, the we have …

What did I do right? Also, to pot or not? 
I´ve got two questions. One is about the cactus in the foreground. I´ve got literally dozens of these cacti, all from the one plant I got too many …

Stephanotis 
All of a sudden my Stephanotis plant has sticky leaves???

Yellow Jackets attracted to my flame willows 
I live the n WI, Zone 5. This year yellow jackets are swarming the ground and branches on my flame willows that are 3 years old. There is no nest I …

fruit and leaf image attached 
Can you tell me what plant this is? I obtained the fruit and leaf from a green shrubbery growing on a neighbour's railings, with the fruit hanging off …

Sunshine and Succulents 
What succulents do not require day-long direct sunshine?

Latest time to plant 
Zone 6- Massachusets. I live in a town where we are presently allowed to hand water from 5 p.m. to 9 a.m. -ban will be over October 31. Is November …

can I save it?? 
I've managed to identify this plant from your pages, so thank you for that! And I also saw a similar question asked from someone else, but it wasn't exactly …

Barren 17 ×1 in need of facelift 
I live in the okanagan, of British Columbia Canada, just outside of Vernon. The area is a zone 3-5. I would like to bring a 17×1 foot barren garden …

Ailing Echeveria Imbricata! 
Hi, I live in Phoenix, Arizona and it's August. So we get really HOT, dry weather here (except for the recent monsoons and haboobs). I think we're in …

really winter hardy cacti and succulents 
In Ottawa, temps dip to -30. I have some Opuntia that survive under a foot of snow but Lobivias and some Echinocereus rotted in the wet spring. Looking …

I'm sorry I'm not short and snappy- well, I am short 
I have some kind of damage going on with some of my plants, my jades in particular, but a hindu rope plant as well. Seems like it might be the same …

Please help identify & save my plant. 
Hi, Can you please help me identify my succulent? It was a wedding favour. When I first got it 2 weeks ago, all the leaves are green. A few leaves …

Xmas cactus leaves are pale green and lifeless after soil watered but still rock hard 
We were away for 2 weeks & my plant dried out. When we got home I gave it water & water just ran out of bottom of pot. I watered it again and same problem. …

It looks like chemical drift but... 
this strange phenomena has been going on all spring and summer. Tomatoes, marigolds, petunias, potatoes, cosmos, impatiens etc. all have some degree of …

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sad, leggy succulents begging for help!!  
Don't laugh. OK, go ahead and laugh. These 2 are definitely desperate cases at this point. I guess this is testament to the doggedness of succulent …

Stems  
Hi how to a make my succulents stronger, ive seen on the Internet the same succulents with strong wood types stems but mine aren't like that.

Badly treated Euphorbia Lactea 
Hi Jacki, While I was away for 3 weeks I left my plants to the apparently not-so-tender care of my neighbour with strict instructions about watering...or …

Watering 
I have a variety of succulents and cactus .. I am just still a bit stumped on the watering patterns because some are outside and some are inside depending …

Black walnut tree 
I'm having a problem with vegetables growing near a black walnut tree and was wondering if it was something the tree was shedding or is it the roots taking …

Cleaning Sempervivum 
I got some soil in my cob web sempervivum. Any tips on removing the soil without ruining the web? I tried a thin paint brush but the webs keep coming apart. …

Duranta Tree 
I have a small Duranta tree and it seems to be losing its flowers and leaving bare branches where there once was beautiful purple flowers. The bumblebees …

BUGS! what are they? 
I live in NYC and have some chicks & hens growing on my windowsill. Lately I've noticed some of the leaves turning brown and today I spotted some teeny …

Need replacement for a Mohican Viburnum 
I am from a suburb of Milwaukee Wisconsin. Zone 5. I had a Mohican Viburnum that developed root rot after a good 10 years of problem free growth. …

Pruning My Succulent Plants 
Hey! Quick question here - I was browsing your site and came across your "Pruning Succulent Plants" page, and recognized the plant you have on the title …

help for my succulents 
what to do with sun scorched succulents

What's needed to grow succulents in clay soil? 
I have clay soil and I want a succulent garden in my front yard. What do I need to do to prepare the soil?

Repot or not? 
I bought a group of Lithops from a Dutch garden centre last week hoping to be able to transplant them into a large shallow pot along with various other …

Succulents not looking as good 
I got these succulents for my birthday from a friend and since December they have been doing very well. But recently they have started to not look …

Beheading successful...now what? 
Hi Jacki, I cut the head off my echeveria (I think that's what it is, had very long stems with lovely yellow blooms) which had bloomed nicely but turned …

Wrinkly leaves 
I am pretty sure I have a Aeonium kiwi. I had baby plants growing from the stem and gently pulled them off. I let them dry and then planted them. …

Help! Dying because i dont know how to save ! 
Brought at the local hard ware from the indoor plant section and have lost the i/d label and cannot remember name or care instructions hence the plant …

Mahic Bells plant 
I was given a cutting of a Magic Bells and was told it is soooo easy to grow. No instructions on how to root it came with it, it was in water and is …

European fan palm 
I've had this European fan Palm tree for over four years. Within the last 4-6 months the bottom leaves have been dying off. I still have new growth …

Egyptian Onions 
As you are into succulents, I have been growing some "pregnant onions" from an old plant my sister was given many years ago. I think they are beautiful. …

Grafting 
Does a grafted branch produce the fruit of the tree it is grafted into?

Large container garden getting drenched in Northern California 
Hi Jacki, Thanks for this great site. I live 30 miles south of San Francisco and have hundreds of succulents in containers on my patio. We are getting …

Odd white coloring 
Hello, I was wondering why my succulent has this odd white color on it. It didn't when I first got it. Normally it would sit in sunlight in my window, …

Falling over! 
Long, smooth leaves. Plant is falling over and I'm scared it's going to break. Already moved it to a bigger pot.

Graptoveria leaves bruising and empty of water!  
Hello! I'm very new to succulent care. I started growing my graptoveria last June. It was just a tiny thing , and now I think it might need its own pot! …

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Flapjack plant about to bloom? 
Dear Jacki, Thank you very much for your super fast reply regarding the drooping of the lowest leaves of my flapjack. Hovewer, what I learned left …

Lower leaves of flapjack plant drooping 
Dear Jacki, I got a gorgeous Kalanchoe thyrsiflora plant from a friend of mine two weeks ago. I live in Budapest, Hungary, the plant lives in front …

Dwarf Alberta Spruce 
I live in Nebraska, Zone 5a and I am wondering if I plant a Darwf Alberta Spruce on the east side of my house, about 3.5 feet from the house with it being …

Unknown succulent with sunburn? 
This succulent has been in a bowl (with no drainage) with 3 other succulents. I've been modestly watering them when the soil gets dry, however, I was …

research 
Hi, I am a college student doing an assignment on horticulture. I was hoping you could answer a few questions. Thank you in advance. • What advice would …

Outdoor succulents 
I have a large bowl planted with various succulents…most have sent up long shoots over a foot in length - are you supposed the cut these shoots back? …

Mystery succulent growing quickly and dying at the same time 
Hi! I got this succulent for my birthday in early July and I really love it. It was from a small garden shop and didn't come with a label to identify …

Echeveria plant gone wild 
I have an echeveria plant (not sure specifically what kind) with a insanely tall flower or growth -not sure which. The growth is 14" tall! The flower …

Drying Succulents for Shipping 
I have a question about drying succulents for shipping. I understand the packaging, using a few layers of newspapers, and also using the heavy boxes …

Wondering what specific Echeverias these are. 
I've been searching through very many online databases to find specific names for each of these Echeverias but as a very un-educated "apartment horticulturist" …

Shedding Tree 
I have a tree that is shedding (not sure what kind of tree), it also has holes in its leaves as well as spiky-like balls hanging from it? Not sure if …

Ask the Horticulturist Archives 
I had a Maternity plant and tried to cover it because we were going to have a freeze. It was 5' tall and broke off to 4'. Is there any way to replant …

Splitting up a Jade Plant 
My friend recently gave me a little jade plant. It has 3-4 different stems and is about 4" or so tall, lots of leaves, and seems very crowded. I wanted …

Using Grey Water to Irrigate Plants 
Grey water is water that you've already used in everyday household operations - laundry, showers, or washing the floor. Sometimes, this will contain soap …

Planting Thyme Plugs 
"I am very new to gardening, and I have been trying to use plants that don't need much water. I love elfin thyme. Just wondering what the proper way to …

How do you ship your succulents? 
I am thinking of starting a succulents business as I have been propagating them for years. How do you ship them? Do you ever ship arrangements in pots? …

Questions Concerning Grafting 
I would appreciate your expertise in answering some questions concerning grafting. I think that I erroneously believed that if you graft a branch from …

Pinching Evergreen Clematis 
Hello, I'm in the process of trying to grow back a few evergreen clematis vines after a hard pruning (it was top heavy & becoming a tangled mess). …

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